Somerset County vs. Pennsylvania
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Somerset County:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $45,102
2017 Percent of State = 72.4%
Pennsylvania:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $62,276
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Somerset County with comparisons to Pennsylvania and the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Somerset County.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller counties. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent counties owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Somerset County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Somerset County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Somerset County's annual average earnings per job over 1969-2017 in current and constant (2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Somerset County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Somerset County's average earnings per job increased 689.1%, from $5,716 in 1969 to $45,102 in 2017. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 48.9%, from $28,557 in 1969 to $42,520 in 2017.
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Somerset County's and Pennsylvania's annual real average earnings per job for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate real average earnings per job patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Somerset County's real average earnings per job rose from $28,557 in 1969 to $42,520 in 2017, for a net gain of $13,963, or 48.9%. In comparison, Pennsylvania's real average earnings per job increased from $36,672 in 1969 to $58,710 in 2017, for a net advance of $22,039, or 60.1%.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Somerset County's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Pennsylvania, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Somerset County's overall real average earnings per job growth was 48.9% over 1969-2017 trailed Pennsylvania's increase of 60.1%, and fell below the United States' increase of 59.1%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 displays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Somerset County and Pennsylvania average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2017.
In 1969, Somerset County's average earnings per job amounted to 79.4% of the national average; in 2017, it approximated 74.4%. Similarly, in 1969, Pennsylvania's average earnings per job totaled 102.0% of the national average; in 2017, it consisted of 102.7%.
Somerset County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Somerset County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Somerset County's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Somerset County's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 0.90% over 1970-2017. The county posted its highest growth in 1988 (11.32%) and posted its lowest growth in 1980 (-7.72%). In 2017, Somerset County's real average earnings per job grew by 2.45%
Somerset County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Somerset County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again illustrates the annual percent change in Somerset County's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Somerset County's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged 3.16%. It averaged -0.86% during the 1980s, 0.59% throughout the 1990s, 0.33% throughout the 2000s, and 1.34% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Somerset County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Pennsylvania and the nation. As the chart reveals, Somerset County's average annual real average earnings per job growth exceeded Pennsylvania's average throughout the 1970s (3.16% vs. 1.17%), amounted to less than Pennsylvania's average throughout the 1980s (-0.86% vs. 0.40%), trailed Pennsylvania's average during the 1990s (0.59% vs. 1.50%), lagged Pennsylvania's average during the 2000s (0.33% vs. 0.83%), and outgained Pennsylvania's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (1.34% vs. 1.11%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Somerset County registered above the nation during the 1970s (3.16% vs. 0.89%), lagged the nation during the 1980s (-0.86% vs. 0.70%), trailed the nation in the 1990s (0.59% vs. 1.68%), recorded underneath the nation over the 2000s (0.33% vs. 0.72%), and outperformed the nation over 2010-2017 (1.34% vs. 0.92%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.90
3.16
-0.86
0.59
0.33
1.34
2.45
 
1.00
1.17
0.40
1.50
0.83
1.11
1.60
 
0.98
0.89
0.70
1.68
0.72
0.92
1.41
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Somerset County:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
5,716
0.200
28,557
100.0
N
77.87
79.43
1970
 
6,052
0.210
28,884
101.1
1.15
77.84
79.46
1971
 
6,346
0.218
29,056
101.7
0.59
76.98
78.10
1972
 
6,944
0.226
30,744
107.7
5.81
78.37
79.68
1973
 
7,541
0.238
31,681
110.9
3.05
79.47
80.56
1974
 
8,501
0.263
32,349
113.3
2.11
82.83
85.41
1975
 
9,707
0.285
34,096
119.4
5.40
87.21
90.36
1976
 
10,773
0.300
35,871
125.6
5.21
89.54
93.05
1977
 
12,417
0.320
38,819
135.9
8.22
95.12
99.80
1978
 
13,528
0.342
39,544
138.5
1.87
95.66
100.29
1979
 
14,461
0.373
38,819
135.9
-1.83
94.36
99.03
1980
 
14,781
0.413
35,823
125.4
-7.72
90.34
94.20
1981
 
15,835
0.450
35,222
123.3
-1.68
89.35
92.65
1982
 
16,194
0.475
34,124
119.5
-3.12
87.57
89.96
1983
 
16,011
0.495
32,363
113.3
-5.16
82.60
84.57
1984
 
17,503
0.513
34,090
119.4
5.33
84.93
86.67
1985
 
17,404
0.531
32,756
114.7
-3.91
81.22
82.32
1986
 
17,173
0.543
31,631
110.8
-3.43
77.33
77.73
1987
 
18,065
0.560
32,280
113.0
2.05
77.85
78.06
1988
 
20,895
0.582
35,933
125.8
11.32
84.73
85.55
1989
 
21,320
0.607
35,130
123.0
-2.24
82.18
83.65
1990
 
22,243
0.634
35,109
122.9
-0.06
82.25
83.54
1991
 
23,777
0.655
36,316
127.2
3.44
84.40
86.27
1992
 
25,436
0.672
37,841
132.5
4.20
84.65
86.47
1993
 
26,213
0.689
38,049
133.2
0.55
84.52
86.96
1994
 
26,112
0.703
37,128
130.0
-2.42
81.93
84.35
1995
 
26,059
0.718
36,288
127.1
-2.26
80.23
82.31
1996
 
26,225
0.733
35,756
125.2
-1.47
78.14
79.79
1997
 
25,929
0.746
34,746
121.7
-2.82
74.56
75.64
1998
 
27,206
0.752
36,171
126.7
4.10
74.79
75.41
1999
 
28,350
0.763
37,137
130.0
2.67
74.97
74.95
2000
 
28,527
0.782
36,463
127.7
-1.82
72.42
71.36
2001
 
28,696
0.797
35,988
126.0
-1.30
69.69
69.19
2002
 
29,541
0.808
36,565
128.0
1.60
69.76
69.66
2003
 
30,764
0.824
37,354
130.8
2.16
70.08
70.47
2004
 
32,922
0.844
39,002
136.6
4.41
71.03
72.42
2005
 
33,883
0.868
39,030
136.7
0.07
71.39
72.63
2006
 
34,613
0.892
38,816
135.9
-0.55
71.39
71.45
2007
 
35,321
0.914
38,629
135.3
-0.48
70.68
71.52
2008
 
36,661
0.942
38,926
136.3
0.77
72.16
72.89
2009
 
36,071
0.941
38,335
134.2
-1.52
71.31
72.09
2010
 
38,492
0.957
40,219
140.8
4.91
72.97
73.76
2011
 
41,125
0.981
41,908
146.8
4.20
75.63
76.68
2012
 
41,281
1.000
41,281
144.6
-1.50
73.92
74.62
2013
 
42,764
1.013
42,196
147.8
2.22
74.47
76.21
2014
 
43,636
1.029
42,419
148.5
0.53
74.45
76.04
2015
 
44,142
1.031
42,804
149.9
0.91
73.48
75.62
2016
 
43,262
1.042
41,504
145.3
-3.04
71.82
73.60
2017
 
45,102
1.061
42,520
148.9
2.45
72.42
74.35
Source: Calculations by the Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project (PA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Pennsylvania:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,340
0.200
36,672
100.0
N
102.00
1970
 
7,774
0.210
37,105
101.2
1.18
102.08
1971
 
8,244
0.218
37,746
102.9
1.73
101.46
1972
 
8,861
0.226
39,231
107.0
3.93
101.67
1973
 
9,489
0.238
39,867
108.7
1.62
101.37
1974
 
10,264
0.263
39,055
106.5
-2.03
103.11
1975
 
11,130
0.285
39,094
106.6
0.10
103.61
1976
 
12,031
0.300
40,062
109.2
2.48
103.92
1977
 
13,054
0.320
40,812
111.3
1.87
104.92
1978
 
14,142
0.342
41,338
112.7
1.29
104.84
1979
 
15,325
0.373
41,141
112.2
-0.48
104.95
1980
 
16,362
0.413
39,653
108.1
-3.62
104.27
1981
 
17,723
0.450
39,421
107.5
-0.58
103.70
1982
 
18,493
0.475
38,969
106.3
-1.15
102.73
1983
 
19,385
0.495
39,182
106.8
0.55
102.39
1984
 
20,608
0.513
40,137
109.5
2.44
102.05
1985
 
21,428
0.531
40,328
110.0
0.48
101.35
1986
 
22,207
0.543
40,904
111.5
1.43
100.52
1987
 
23,204
0.560
41,463
113.1
1.37
100.27
1988
 
24,661
0.582
42,408
115.6
2.28
100.96
1989
 
25,942
0.607
42,745
116.6
0.79
101.78
1990
 
27,044
0.634
42,686
116.4
-0.14
101.57
1991
 
28,173
0.655
43,029
117.3
0.80
102.22
1992
 
30,050
0.672
44,705
121.9
3.89
102.16
1993
 
31,015
0.689
45,020
122.8
0.71
102.89
1994
 
31,870
0.703
45,314
123.6
0.65
102.95
1995
 
32,478
0.718
45,228
123.3
-0.19
102.59
1996
 
33,561
0.733
45,757
124.8
1.17
102.11
1997
 
34,774
0.746
46,599
127.1
1.84
101.44
1998
 
36,376
0.752
48,362
131.9
3.78
100.82
1999
 
37,816
0.763
49,537
135.1
2.43
99.98
2000
 
39,390
0.782
50,349
137.3
1.64
98.53
2001
 
41,178
0.797
51,642
140.8
2.57
99.28
2002
 
42,344
0.808
52,413
142.9
1.49
99.85
2003
 
43,897
0.824
53,300
145.3
1.69
100.55
2004
 
46,349
0.844
54,909
149.7
3.02
101.96
2005
 
47,460
0.868
54,669
149.1
-0.44
101.73
2006
 
48,483
0.892
54,369
148.3
-0.55
100.08
2007
 
49,973
0.914
54,652
149.0
0.52
101.19
2008
 
50,803
0.942
53,943
147.1
-1.30
101.01
2009
 
50,584
0.941
53,759
146.6
-0.34
101.09
2010
 
52,747
0.957
55,114
150.3
2.52
101.07
2011
 
54,379
0.981
55,415
151.1
0.55
101.40
2012
 
55,847
1.000
55,847
152.3
0.78
100.94
2013
 
57,422
1.013
56,659
154.5
1.45
102.33
2014
 
58,607
1.029
56,973
155.4
0.56
102.14
2015
 
60,074
1.031
58,253
158.9
2.25
102.91
2016
 
60,235
1.042
57,787
157.6
-0.80
102.48
2017
 
62,276
1.061
58,710
160.1
1.60
102.66
Source: Calculations by the Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project (PA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,196
0.200
35,953
100.0
N
1970
 
7,615
0.210
36,349
101.1
1.10
1971
 
8,125
0.218
37,202
103.5
2.35
1972
 
8,715
0.226
38,587
107.3
3.72
1973
 
9,360
0.238
39,326
109.4
1.92
1974
 
9,954
0.263
37,877
105.4
-3.69
1975
 
10,742
0.285
37,733
104.9
-0.38
1976
 
11,577
0.300
38,550
107.2
2.17
1977
 
12,442
0.320
38,898
108.2
0.90
1978
 
13,489
0.342
39,429
109.7
1.36
1979
 
14,602
0.373
39,199
109.0
-0.58
1980
 
15,692
0.413
38,030
105.8
-2.98
1981
 
17,091
0.450
38,015
105.7
-0.04
1982
 
18,001
0.475
37,932
105.5
-0.22
1983
 
18,932
0.495
38,267
106.4
0.88
1984
 
20,194
0.513
39,331
109.4
2.78
1985
 
21,143
0.531
39,792
110.7
1.17
1986
 
22,092
0.543
40,692
113.2
2.26
1987
 
23,141
0.560
41,350
115.0
1.62
1988
 
24,425
0.582
42,003
116.8
1.58
1989
 
25,487
0.607
41,996
116.8
-0.02
1990
 
26,625
0.634
42,025
116.9
0.07
1991
 
27,561
0.655
42,095
117.1
0.17
1992
 
29,415
0.672
43,760
121.7
3.96
1993
 
30,143
0.689
43,754
121.7
-0.01
1994
 
30,956
0.703
44,015
122.4
0.60
1995
 
31,658
0.718
44,085
122.6
0.16
1996
 
32,868
0.733
44,813
124.6
1.65
1997
 
34,281
0.746
45,939
127.8
2.51
1998
 
36,079
0.752
47,967
133.4
4.41
1999
 
37,823
0.763
49,547
137.8
3.29
2000
 
39,978
0.782
51,100
142.1
3.13
2001
 
41,477
0.797
52,016
144.7
1.79
2002
 
42,407
0.808
52,491
146.0
0.91
2003
 
43,657
0.824
53,009
147.4
0.99
2004
 
45,458
0.844
53,853
149.8
1.59
2005
 
46,650
0.868
53,737
149.5
-0.22
2006
 
48,444
0.892
54,325
151.1
1.09
2007
 
49,385
0.914
54,009
150.2
-0.58
2008
 
50,294
0.942
53,402
148.5
-1.12
2009
 
50,038
0.941
53,179
147.9
-0.42
2010
 
52,187
0.957
54,529
151.7
2.54
2011
 
53,628
0.981
54,650
152.0
0.22
2012
 
55,324
1.000
55,324
153.9
1.23
2013
 
56,117
1.013
55,371
154.0
0.09
2014
 
57,382
1.029
55,782
155.2
0.74
2015
 
58,377
1.031
56,607
157.4
1.48
2016
 
58,777
1.042
56,389
156.8
-0.38
2017
 
60,660
1.061
57,187
159.1
1.41
Source: Calculations by the Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project (PA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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