Tioga County vs. Pennsylvania
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Per Capita Personal Income Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Tioga County:
2017 PCI = $39,202
2017 Percent of State = 73.6%
Pennsylvania:
2017 PCI = $53,300
Per Capita Income (PCI) is one of the most widely used indicators for gauging the economic performance and changing fortunes of local economies. It is used as a yardstick to assess the economic well being of a region's residents and the quality of consumer markets. It serves as a barometer for calibrating the economic performance of a region over time and to judge differences in relative economic prosperity between regions. Shifting trends in local per capita income growth have important social and political ramifications and significant implications in formulating local economic development strategies and initiatives.
Data Definition:
Personal income is the income that is received by persons from all sources. It is calculated as the sum of wage and salary disbursements, supplements to wages and salaries, proprietors' income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and personal current tranfer receipts, less contributions for government social insurance. This measure of income is calculated as the personal income of the residents of a given area divided by the resident population of the area. In computing per capita personal income, BEA uses the Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates.
Personal income is measured as a flow throughout the year, while the measurement of population is at one point in mid-year. Therefore, per capita income is distorted if a significant change in population occurs during the year.
For smaller counties in particular, per capita income in any given year may be exceptionally high or low for the short run because of unusual local conditions, such as a bumper crop, a catastrophe, or a major construction project as the building of a dam or nuclear power plant.
Farm incomes are notorious for being especially volatile year-to-year, owing to changing weather, commodity market conditions, and alterations in government programs. Therefore, the per capita income of farm-dependent counties may exhibit sharp fluctuations over time.
The presence of large institutional populations--such as residents attending a local college or the residents of a local prison or state mental institution--can significantly lower the per capita income estimates of an area. Such results may not reflect the relative economic well being of the non-institutional population and may mislead if care is not given to their interpretation.
Tioga County Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Tioga County Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Tioga County's annual per capita personal income over 1969-2017 in current and constant (2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Tioga County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Tioga County's per capita personal income increased 1,245.8%, from $2,913 in 1969 to $39,202 in 2017. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 153.9%, from $14,553 in 1969 to $36,958 in 2017.
Real Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
Real Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Tioga County's and Pennsylvania's annual real per capita personal income for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate real per capita personal income patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Tioga County's real per capita personal income rose from $14,553 in 1969 to $36,958 in 2017, for a net gain of $22,404, or 153.9%. In comparison, Pennsylvania's real per capita personal income increased from $19,304 in 1969 to $50,248 in 2017, for a net advance of $30,944, or 160.3%.
Per Capita Personal Income as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Per Capita Personal Income as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 displays the trends for per capita personal income relative to the national average by tracing Tioga County and Pennsylvania per capita personal income as a percent of the national average over 1969-2017.
In 1969, Tioga County's per capita personal income amounted to 74.1% of the national average; in 2017, it approximated 75.9%. Similarly, in 1969, Pennsylvania's per capita personal income totaled 98.3% of the national average; in 2017, it consisted of 103.2%.
Tioga County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Tioga County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of Tioga County's real per capita personal income growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Tioga County's real per capita personal income grew at an annual rate of 1.99% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 2011 (8.77%) and posted its lowest growth in 1980 (-3.78%). In 2017, Tioga County's real per capita personal income grew by 1.84%
Tioga County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Tioga County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again illustrates the annual percent change in Tioga County's real per capita personal income since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Tioga County's annual real per capita personal income growth rate averaged 2.70%. It averaged 1.37% throughout the 1980s, 1.89% during the 1990s, 1.43% during the 2000s, and 2.69% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Real Per Capita Personal Income Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Per Capita Personal Income Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Tioga County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Pennsylvania and the nation. As the chart reveals, Tioga County's average annual real per capita personal income growth recorded above Pennsylvania's average throughout the 1970s (2.70% vs. 2.44%), fell below Pennsylvania's average in the 1980s (1.37% vs. 2.25%), fell below Pennsylvania's average during the 1990s (1.89% vs. 2.00%), amounted to less than Pennsylvania's average during the 2000s (1.43% vs. 1.44%), and recorded above Pennsylvania's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (2.69% vs. 1.99%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real per capita personal income growth trends, Tioga County topped the nation over the 1970s (2.70% vs. 2.35%), fell under the nation in the 1980s (1.37% vs. 2.21%), fell under the nation throughout the 1990s (1.89% vs. 2.02%), led the nation during the 2000s (1.43% vs. 1.10%), and topped the nation over 2010-2017 (2.69% vs. 1.95%).
   
 
Real* Per Capita Personal Income Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
1.99
2.70
1.37
1.89
1.43
2.69
1.84
 
2.03
2.44
2.25
2.00
1.44
1.99
1.91
 
1.93
2.35
2.21
2.02
1.10
1.95
1.84
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Tioga County:
Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
2,913
0.200
14,553
100.0
N
75.39
74.11
1970
 
3,094
0.210
14,767
101.5
1.47
74.86
73.74
1971
 
3,198
0.218
14,644
100.6
-0.83
73.40
71.59
1972
 
3,538
0.226
15,663
107.6
6.95
74.51
72.90
1973
 
3,888
0.238
16,335
112.2
4.29
74.64
72.64
1974
 
4,370
0.263
16,627
114.2
1.79
76.23
75.03
1975
 
4,675
0.285
16,420
112.8
-1.25
74.85
74.06
1976
 
5,067
0.300
16,873
115.9
2.76
74.29
73.91
1977
 
5,692
0.320
17,796
122.3
5.47
76.02
75.95
1978
 
6,380
0.342
18,650
128.1
4.80
77.17
76.52
1979
 
7,058
0.373
18,948
130.2
1.59
77.21
76.62
1980
 
7,522
0.413
18,231
125.3
-3.78
75.04
74.09
1981
 
8,130
0.450
18,083
124.3
-0.81
73.44
72.18
1982
 
8,499
0.475
17,910
123.1
-0.96
71.83
71.14
1983
 
8,953
0.495
18,096
124.3
1.04
72.12
70.76
1984
 
9,668
0.513
18,830
129.4
4.05
71.99
69.75
1985
 
10,150
0.531
19,102
131.3
1.44
70.92
68.96
1986
 
10,440
0.543
19,230
132.1
0.67
69.36
67.53
1987
 
11,425
0.560
20,415
140.3
6.16
71.81
70.24
1988
 
12,084
0.582
20,780
142.8
1.79
70.33
69.34
1989
 
13,127
0.607
21,630
148.6
4.09
70.67
70.38
1990
 
13,772
0.634
21,738
149.4
0.50
70.30
70.30
1991
 
14,454
0.655
22,077
151.7
1.56
71.32
72.33
1992
 
15,318
0.672
22,788
156.6
3.22
72.00
72.74
1993
 
15,969
0.689
23,180
159.3
1.72
72.75
73.60
1994
 
16,755
0.703
23,823
163.7
2.77
74.09
74.34
1995
 
17,116
0.718
23,835
163.8
0.05
72.55
72.62
1996
 
17,916
0.733
24,427
167.8
2.48
72.34
72.45
1997
 
18,516
0.746
24,812
170.5
1.58
71.22
71.35
1998
 
19,044
0.752
25,319
174.0
2.04
69.65
69.23
1999
 
19,906
0.763
26,076
179.2
2.99
69.95
69.54
2000
 
21,331
0.782
27,266
187.3
4.56
70.21
69.70
2001
 
22,140
0.797
27,765
190.8
1.83
70.06
70.09
2002
 
22,185
0.808
27,461
188.7
-1.10
69.05
69.69
2003
 
22,739
0.824
27,610
189.7
0.55
68.69
69.58
2004
 
23,836
0.844
28,238
194.0
2.27
68.25
69.59
2005
 
24,270
0.868
27,957
192.1
-1.00
66.87
67.70
2006
 
25,516
0.892
28,614
196.6
2.35
66.95
66.95
2007
 
26,679
0.914
29,177
200.5
1.97
66.18
66.96
2008
 
27,919
0.942
29,644
203.7
1.60
67.15
68.26
2009
 
28,233
0.941
30,005
206.2
1.22
69.89
71.87
2010
 
30,592
0.957
31,964
219.6
6.53
72.84
75.45
2011
 
34,117
0.981
34,767
238.9
8.77
77.27
79.85
2012
 
34,884
1.000
34,884
239.7
0.34
75.86
78.25
2013
 
35,428
1.013
34,957
240.2
0.21
76.45
79.03
2014
 
36,510
1.029
35,492
243.9
1.53
75.58
77.64
2015
 
37,913
1.031
36,764
252.6
3.58
75.46
77.47
2016
 
37,828
1.042
36,291
249.4
-1.29
73.61
75.91
2017
 
39,202
1.061
36,958
253.9
1.84
73.55
75.91
Source: Calculations by the Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project (PA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_700_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Pennsylvania:
Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
3,864
0.200
19,304
100.0
N
98.31
1970
 
4,133
0.210
19,726
102.2
2.18
98.50
1971
 
4,358
0.218
19,952
103.4
1.15
97.54
1972
 
4,748
0.226
21,021
108.9
5.35
97.84
1973
 
5,209
0.238
21,885
113.4
4.11
97.32
1974
 
5,732
0.263
21,812
113.0
-0.34
98.42
1975
 
6,245
0.285
21,937
113.6
0.57
98.94
1976
 
6,821
0.300
22,712
117.7
3.53
99.49
1977
 
7,488
0.320
23,411
121.3
3.08
99.92
1978
 
8,268
0.342
24,168
125.2
3.23
99.16
1979
 
9,142
0.373
24,541
127.1
1.55
99.23
1980
 
10,024
0.413
24,294
125.8
-1.01
98.73
1981
 
11,070
0.450
24,624
127.6
1.36
98.30
1982
 
11,833
0.475
24,934
129.2
1.26
99.04
1983
 
12,414
0.495
25,092
130.0
0.63
98.12
1984
 
13,430
0.513
26,158
135.5
4.25
96.90
1985
 
14,312
0.531
26,936
139.5
2.97
97.24
1986
 
15,051
0.543
27,723
143.6
2.92
97.36
1987
 
15,910
0.560
28,429
147.3
2.55
97.82
1988
 
17,181
0.582
29,545
153.0
3.93
98.59
1989
 
18,577
0.607
30,609
158.6
3.60
99.59
1990
 
19,591
0.634
30,922
160.2
1.02
100.00
1991
 
20,266
0.655
30,953
160.3
0.10
101.41
1992
 
21,276
0.672
31,653
164.0
2.26
101.03
1993
 
21,951
0.689
31,863
165.1
0.66
101.16
1994
 
22,613
0.703
32,153
166.6
0.91
100.33
1995
 
23,592
0.718
32,853
170.2
2.18
100.10
1996
 
24,767
0.733
33,768
174.9
2.79
100.16
1997
 
25,998
0.746
34,839
180.5
3.17
100.19
1998
 
27,343
0.752
36,352
188.3
4.34
99.39
1999
 
28,458
0.763
37,278
193.1
2.55
99.41
2000
 
30,381
0.782
38,834
201.2
4.17
99.28
2001
 
31,602
0.797
39,632
205.3
2.06
100.04
2002
 
32,129
0.808
39,769
206.0
0.35
100.93
2003
 
33,104
0.824
40,195
208.2
1.07
101.30
2004
 
34,922
0.844
41,372
214.3
2.93
101.96
2005
 
36,296
0.868
41,810
216.6
1.06
101.25
2006
 
38,115
0.892
42,743
221.4
2.23
100.00
2007
 
40,314
0.914
44,089
228.4
3.15
101.18
2008
 
41,575
0.942
44,145
228.7
0.13
101.64
2009
 
40,398
0.941
42,934
222.4
-2.74
102.83
2010
 
41,997
0.957
43,882
227.3
2.21
103.58
2011
 
44,152
0.981
44,993
233.1
2.53
103.34
2012
 
45,982
1.000
45,982
238.2
2.20
103.14
2013
 
46,341
1.013
45,726
236.9
-0.56
103.38
2014
 
48,310
1.029
46,963
243.3
2.70
102.73
2015
 
50,240
1.031
48,717
252.4
3.74
102.66
2016
 
51,393
1.042
49,305
255.4
1.21
103.13
2017
 
53,300
1.061
50,248
260.3
1.91
103.21
Source: Calculations by the Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project (PA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_700_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
3,930
0.200
19,636
100.0
N
1970
 
4,196
0.210
20,026
102.0
1.98
1971
 
4,468
0.218
20,455
104.2
2.14
1972
 
4,853
0.226
21,485
109.4
5.04
1973
 
5,352
0.238
22,487
114.5
4.66
1974
 
5,824
0.263
22,161
112.9
-1.45
1975
 
6,312
0.285
22,171
112.9
0.05
1976
 
6,856
0.300
22,828
116.3
2.96
1977
 
7,494
0.320
23,430
119.3
2.64
1978
 
8,338
0.342
24,372
124.1
4.02
1979
 
9,212
0.373
24,730
125.9
1.47
1980
 
10,153
0.413
24,606
125.3
-0.50
1981
 
11,262
0.450
25,051
127.6
1.81
1982
 
11,947
0.475
25,175
128.2
0.49
1983
 
12,652
0.495
25,573
130.2
1.58
1984
 
13,860
0.513
26,995
137.5
5.56
1985
 
14,719
0.531
27,701
141.1
2.62
1986
 
15,459
0.543
28,475
145.0
2.79
1987
 
16,265
0.560
29,064
148.0
2.07
1988
 
17,426
0.582
29,968
152.6
3.11
1989
 
18,653
0.607
30,735
156.5
2.56
1990
 
19,591
0.634
30,923
157.5
0.61
1991
 
19,985
0.655
30,524
155.4
-1.29
1992
 
21,060
0.672
31,330
159.6
2.64
1993
 
21,698
0.689
31,496
160.4
0.53
1994
 
22,538
0.703
32,046
163.2
1.75
1995
 
23,568
0.718
32,820
167.1
2.42
1996
 
24,728
0.733
33,715
171.7
2.73
1997
 
25,950
0.746
34,775
177.1
3.14
1998
 
27,510
0.752
36,574
186.3
5.18
1999
 
28,627
0.763
37,501
191.0
2.53
2000
 
30,602
0.782
39,116
199.2
4.31
2001
 
31,589
0.797
39,616
201.7
1.28
2002
 
31,832
0.808
39,401
200.7
-0.54
2003
 
32,681
0.824
39,681
202.1
0.71
2004
 
34,251
0.844
40,576
206.6
2.26
2005
 
35,849
0.868
41,295
210.3
1.77
2006
 
38,114
0.892
42,742
217.7
3.50
2007
 
39,844
0.914
43,575
221.9
1.95
2008
 
40,904
0.942
43,431
221.2
-0.33
2009
 
39,284
0.941
41,750
212.6
-3.87
2010
 
40,545
0.957
42,364
215.7
1.47
2011
 
42,727
0.981
43,540
221.7
2.78
2012
 
44,582
1.000
44,582
227.0
2.39
2013
 
44,826
1.013
44,231
225.2
-0.79
2014
 
47,025
1.029
45,714
232.8
3.35
2015
 
48,940
1.031
47,456
241.7
3.81
2016
 
49,831
1.042
47,806
243.5
0.74
2017
 
51,640
1.061
48,684
247.9
1.84
Source: Calculations by the Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project (PA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_700_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2018. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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