Leading, Slipping, Gaining, Lagging Analysis:
Diagnosing Employment Growth
Across Pennsylvania Counties
Employment Growth by County
County vs Statewide Average: 2008-2017 and 2017
Employment Growth by County
Pennsylvania:
2008-2017 = 0.57%
2017 = 1.16%
Borrowing from an approach that sometimes appears in the finance sections of the popular press, LSGL analysis is a handy and versatile way to compare, portray and classify the patterns of employment growth across all of Pennsylvania's 67 counties. In finance, this technique is used for comparing and assessing the market performance of individual securities or across industry sectors. For example, the performance of the 30 stocks contained within Dow are compared with one another over the past week in contrast to their performance over the past month using the Dow's respective averages as the points of reference.
Here in this Pennsylvania Regional Economic Analysis Project report, we adopt this approach to gauge and compare the employment growth of Pennsylvania's 67 counties over the latest available year (2017) against the backdrop of their growth over the long term period (2008-2017). In so doing we classify their growth and performance into 4 broad categories: Leading, Slipping, Gaining and Lagging.
Employment Growth by County
County vs Statewide Average: 2008-2017 and 2017
Employment Growth by County
Pennsylvania:
2008-2017 = 0.57%
2017 = 1.16%
This figure displays the 67 counties of Pennsylvania as dots on a scattergram, with the vertical axis representing the average annual employment growth rate over the long-term period (2008-2017), and the horizontal axis representing the employment growth rate for the near-term (2017).
This figure sets apart those counties whose long-term employment growth exceeded the statewide average of 0.57%, by portraying them in the top two quadrants demarcated at 0.57% on the vertical axis. County whose long-term average annual employment growth rate trailed the statewide average (0.57%) are distributed in the bottom two quadrants. In all, 18 counties surpassed the statewide average over 2008-2017, while 49 counties fell below.
Similarly, the two quadrants on the right of this figure present the positions of the 23 counties whose most recent (2017) employment growth rate exceeded the statewide average (1.16%). The two quadrants on the left feature those 44 counties whose employment growth over 2017 trailed the statewide average.
Accordingly, each quadrant portrays the performance of all 67 counties corresponding with their long-term (2008-2017) and near-term (2017) performance relative to their respective statewide averages of 0.57% over 2008-2017 and 1.16% over 2017:
Leading counties () (top-right quadrant)...are the thirteen counties whose average annual employment growth rate surpassed the statewide average both long-term (0.57%) and near-term (1.16%).
Slipping counties () (top-left quadrant)...are the five counties whose long-term average annual employment growth rate exceeded the statewide average (0.57%), but whose near-term growth has "slipped" by falling below the Pennsylvania average (1.16%).
Gaining counties () (bottom-right quadrant)...are the ten counties whose long-term average annual employment growth rate fell below the statewide average (0.57%), but whose near-term growth has "gained" by registering above the average (1.16%) statewide.
Lagging counties () (bottom-left quadrant)...are the thirty-nine counties whose average annual employment growth rate fell under the statewide average both long-term (0.57%) and near-term (1.16%).
   
 
Summary of Pennsylvania's 67 County Totals
 
Short Term Average
 
 
Below
(1.16%)
Above
(1.16%)
 
Long
Term
Average
Above
(0.57%)
5
13
18
Below
(0.57%)
39
10
49
 
44
23
67
 
   
Leading Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Leading Counties
Pennsylvania:
2008-2017 = 0.57%
2017 = 1.16%
Turning attention to the top-right quadrant from the discussion above, this figure features the distribution of the Pennsylvania counties classified as Leading. These counties surpassed Pennsylvania's average annual employment growth both long-term (2008-2017 = 0.57%) as well as near-term (2017 = 1.16%). Each is identified by its corresponding ranking based on its average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017 as noted in the table below.
Of Pennsylvania's 67 counties, 13 (19%) are classified within the Leading () category. Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
Slipping Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Slipping Counties
Pennsylvania:
2008-2017 = 0.57%
2017 = 1.16%
This figure depicts the distribution of the 5 Pennsylvania counties classified as Slipping (top-left quadrant), in that their long-term average annual employment growth rate outpaced the average statewide (2008-2017 = 0.57%), while they trailed the statewide average near-term (2017 = 1.16%). Again, each county is identified by it's corresponding ranking based on its average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Only 5 ( 7%) of Pennsylvania's 67 counties are classified as Slipping (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
Gaining Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Gaining Counties
Pennsylvania:
2008-2017 = 0.57%
2017 = 1.16%
This figure shows the distribution of the 10 Pennsylvania counties classified as Gaining (bottom-right quadrant), in that their long-term average annual employment growth rate posted below the average statewide (2008-2017 = 0.57%), while they outpaced Pennsylvania's average near-term (2017 = 1.16%). Again, each county is identified by its corresponding ranking based on its average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Of Pennsylvania's 67 counties, only 15% (10) are featured as Gaining (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
Lagging Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Lagging Counties
Pennsylvania:
2008-2017 = 0.57%
2017 = 1.16%
This figure depicts the distributions of the 39 Pennsylvania counties classified as Lagging (bottom-left quadrant). These counties trailed the statewide average annual employment growth both long-term (2008-2017 = 0.57%) as well as near-term (2017 = 1.16%). Again, each county is identified by its corresponding ranking based on it's average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
58% of Pennsylvania's counties, 39 of 67, are characterized here as Lagging (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
   
 
Pennsylvania
Employment Growth
County vs. Statewide Average
 
2008-2017
 
2017
 
 
Leading Counties
 
7
1.01
 
22
1.29
119,085
 
5
1.23
 
12
1.70
321,055
 
13
0.80
 
1
3.31
11,113
 
10
0.89
 
15
1.50
335,713
 
11
0.85
 
20
1.39
242,097
 
15
0.75
 
9
1.92
678,759
 
1
1.60
 
7
2.02
18,641
 
2
1.55
 
3
2.22
158,380
 
3
1.37
 
13
1.53
890,582
 
17
0.59
 
5
2.13
23,496
 
16
0.73
 
16
1.49
17,795
 
12
0.82
 
4
2.18
24,370
 
4
1.27
 
6
2.09
122,030
Slipping Counties
 
18
0.58
 
26
1.11
907,062
 
9
0.92
 
50
0.18
33,514
 
6
1.01
 
29
0.97
116,658
 
8
0.99
 
31
0.95
359,294
 
14
0.78
 
25
1.13
176,795
Gaining Counties
 
29
0.21
 
23
1.26
49,193
 
21
0.50
 
10
1.85
379,908
 
25
0.33
 
21
1.31
226,382
 
43
-0.14
 
2
2.29
7,461
 
48
-0.23
 
14
1.52
18,753
 
47
-0.21
 
8
2.00
22,686
 
45
-0.19
 
17
1.45
78,000
 
33
0.08
 
18
1.44
19,043
 
36
-0.02
 
19
1.40
8,491
 
46
-0.21
 
11
1.75
23,173
Lagging Counties
 
41
-0.09
 
44
0.46
25,257
 
59
-0.50
 
36
0.69
71,860
 
39
-0.05
 
32
0.91
23,161
 
24
0.33
 
39
0.65
226,259
 
40
-0.07
 
47
0.33
75,554
 
66
-1.08
 
67
-1.21
67,239
 
67
-2.37
 
55
-0.25
2,401
 
30
0.09
 
56
-0.32
23,596
 
53
-0.42
 
45
0.36
20,336
 
57
-0.46
 
28
0.99
39,812
 
28
0.25
 
40
0.64
18,247
 
51
-0.30
 
51
0.13
34,551
 
52
-0.36
 
61
-0.61
43,461
 
54
-0.43
 
53
-0.13
18,470
 
50
-0.28
 
54
-0.17
158,554
 
56
-0.44
 
52
0.08
54,078
 
65
-1.06
 
64
-0.87
2,864
 
22
0.45
 
37
0.68
80,000
 
20
0.50
 
59
-0.40
18,240
 
58
-0.49
 
48
0.28
44,205
 
32
0.08
 
35
0.71
126,964
 
62
-0.79
 
60
-0.44
39,612
 
23
0.39
 
34
0.73
67,873
 
19
0.50
 
38
0.66
184,864
 
31
0.09
 
46
0.35
68,403
 
63
-0.87
 
49
0.26
20,856
 
49
-0.24
 
57
-0.35
62,086
 
38
-0.03
 
42
0.62
22,111
 
60
-0.65
 
27
1.05
38,270
 
26
0.31
 
30
0.97
14,695
 
55
-0.43
 
62
-0.68
64,303
 
61
-0.65
 
43
0.57
34,580
 
37
-0.03
 
63
-0.76
2,891
 
34
0.05
 
66
-1.00
19,584
 
64
-0.99
 
58
-0.39
24,461
 
42
-0.09
 
65
-0.98
20,705
 
35
0.00
 
33
0.78
182,903
 
44
-0.17
 
41
0.63
13,979
 
27
0.30
 
24
1.14
238,471
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.57
 
1.16
7,685,285
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.90
 
1.43
196,132,200
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_LSGL
 
   
Analysis Options Menu
Select Year Interval
to
Highlight a Region (Optional)
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

Please stay tuned...
while your request is processing:

Please wait while your request is being processed...
To offer the most comprehensive set of interactive options in support of your research, PA-REAP calculates and crunches most of the data and generates the narrative and graphic analysis on demand in response to your request.
Your request will soon be available.
Just a few more seconds....Your request has been generated and is now loading the results.